Main causes of migraine

~Foods:

Aged cheeses, salty foods and processed foods may trigger migraines. Skipping meals or fasting also can trigger attacks.

~Food additives:

The sweetener aspartame and the preservative monosodium glutamate (MSG), found in many foods, may trigger migraines.

~Drinks:

Alcohol, especially wine, and highly caffeinated beverages may trigger migraines.

~Stress:

Stress at work or home can cause migraines.

~Sensory stimuli: 

Bright lights and sun glare can induce migraines, as can loud sounds. Strong smells — including perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke and others — can trigger migraines in some people.

~Changes in wake-sleep pattern: Missing sleep or getting too much sleep may trigger migraines in some people, as can jet lag.

~Physical factors:

Intense physical exertion, including sexual activity, may provoke migraines.

~Changes in the environment:

A change of weather or barometric pressure can prompt a migraine.

~Medications :

Oral contraceptives and vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, can aggravate migraines.

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